Ministering to Adult Sex Offenders: Ten Lessons from Henry Gerecke













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Introduction

Henry Gerecke grew up in rural Missouri where first and second generation immigrants “farmed the land and worshipped God in the Missouri Synod Lutheran tradition.” 1 Gerecke himself became a Lutheran Church Missouri Synod pastor, serving in that role from 1925 until his death in 1961. Gerecke was a faithful minister noted for his desire to minister to “people he felt more desperately in need of hearing the Gospel message.” 2 This led him to “follow a call” to minister to his community’s downtrodden and forgotten—the poor, the elderly, the mentally ill and criminals. 3

Perhaps it was his heart for the suffering that led Gerecke, at nearly 50 years of age, to enlist as a chaplain in the United States Army during World War II. After several years of service and sacrifice, including a prolonged separation from his wife, 4 Gerecke was asked to perform “one of the most singular [acts of ministry] ever undertaken by U.S. Army chaplains.” 5 The farm boy from Missouri was asked to minister to Nazi war criminals responsible for murdering millions of men, women and children. 6 The war criminals in Nuremberg had “spit on the notion of traditional Christianity [and] had broken a covenant with God, set down in the ten commandments…” 7 These were the criminals the army assigned to Gerecke, in an “historic experiment in how good confronts evil.” 8

Although Gerecke considered it his Christian duty to save the souls of these men before their execution, he was not naïve in performing this function. When ministering to the Nazis, Gerecke took great pains to avoid being manipulated by master liars whose evil will shock the conscience until the end of time. Gerecke had little interest in according these men what Dietrich Bonhoeffer called “cheap grace.” 9 According to Bonhoeffer, a Lutheran minister executed by the Nazis because of his opposition to the government, cheap grace was “grace sold on the market like cheapjacks’ wares. The sacraments, the forgiveness of sin, and the consolation of religion are thrown away at cut prices.” 10 In contrast, Bonhoeffer said a Christian should seek “costly grace” which “comes as a word of forgiveness to the broken spirit and the contrite heart” and that “compels a man to submit to the yoke of Christ and follow him.” 11 In keeping with Bonhoeffer’s concept of costly grace, Gerecke was determined to aid as many Nazis as possible in understanding the concept of genuine repentance.

Although most clergy will never be tasked with ministering to war criminals, many are tasked with the responsibility of ministering to those who have committed unspeakable crimes. Nowhere is this more important than in ministering to men and women who have sexually violated boys and girls.

In the quarter of a century I have been a child protection professional, Christian clergy have often asked my thoughts on ministering to child molesters—adults who have violated their own children and the children of others. In some cases, sex offenders have violated hundreds of children 12 causing a lifetime of medical, mental health and spiritual damage. 13 Equally troubling, many sex offenders violate children in the name of God, twisting scripture in any way possible to manipulate the child and protect themselves. 14

A case example

As a case in point, consider this example of a protestant minister who sexually abused his daughter, a child still in kindergarten. When the girl questioned the morality of the sexual abuse, even suggesting her father’s conduct was sinful, the father retorted that there are exceptions to the rule against incest. The minister reiterated the creation account in Genesis as well as the history of the great flood and noted when the only inhabitants of this troubled planet were Adam and Eve or Noah and his family, that God used sexual abuse to populate the earth. The minster told his daughter that God appeared to him in a dream, and informed him this was one of those exceptional times. According to this clergyman, his sexual touching of his daughter was directly commanded by our Lord. 15

If you are a minister of the Gospel, and you are called to the prison cell where the man in this scenario is wallowing alone in the aftermath of his sins, how would you minister to him? In answering this question, a Christian pastor may benefit from a study of Henry Gerecke’s ministry to war criminals. Although no evil can compare to those of the leaders of the Third Reich, Gerecke’s ministry to these men is a theologically sound approach to use with adults who have committed crimes against children.

A caution about applying these guidelines to children who commit sexual offenses

Prior to discussing what this paper is about, we need to make clear what this paper is not about. We are not in these pages focused on sexual offenses committed by adolescents and teenagers. Although as many as one-third of all sexual offenses are committed by children, 16 youth often sexually violate other youth for very different reasons than adults. 17 Ministers working with children committing sexual offenses must take pains to learn the nuances involved with juvenile offenders and work in tandem with qualified medical, mental health and social service or criminal justice professionals. Rather than Henry Gerecke’s work with war criminals, Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s work with delinquent and other struggling youth would be a better model for pastors to follow when working with most adolescent sex offenders. 18

Ministering to adult sex offenders: lessons from Henry Gerecke

Rather than juvenile offenders, this paper is focused on ministering to adult sex offenders—men and women who have, in many instances, violated multiple children in order to fulfill their own sexual or other carnal desires. How and why adults molest children is a complex topic and, once again, pastors are advised to work with sex offender treatment providers and other experts in ministering to this population. Within this broader context, though, there are general guidelines pastors should adhere to—guidelines that can be drawn directly from the ministry of Henry Gerecke at Nuremberg.

Notes:

  1. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlersworst-henchmen.html (last visited February 6, 2015).
  2. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 20 (2014)
  3. Id.
  4. Gerecke served as a chaplain from August of 1943 to May of 1945 when Germany surrendered. He ministered to soldiers in England and also to soldiers following the Normandy invasion. In addition to ministering in hospitals, Gerecke served soldiers on the frontlines. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlers-worsthenchmen.html(last visited February 6, 2015).
  5. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 7 (2014)
  6. The number provided in the Nuremberg war crimes indictment was 5.7 million murders. WILLIAM L. SHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH 1273 (1950)
  7. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 11 (2014)
  8. Id. at 7
  9. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER, THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 43 (1959).
  10. Id
  11. Id. at 45.
  12. Gene Abel, et al, Self reported Sex Crimes of Non-incarcerated Paraphiliacs, 2 JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 3-25 (1987).
  13. Vincent J. Felitti & Robert F. Anda, The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Medical Disease, Psychiatric Disorders and Sexual Behavior: Implications for Healthcare, in RUTHE A. LANIUS, ERIC VERMETEN & CLARE PAIN (EDS) THE IMPACT OF EARLY LIFE TRAUMA ON HEALTH AND DISEASE: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC 77, 78 (CAMBRIDGE MEDICINE 2010).
  14. Victor I. Vieth, What Would Walther Do? Applying Law & Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse, 40(4) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY & THEOLOGY 257, 270-271 (2012)
  15. This is a case the author is familiar with
  16. David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin, Juveniles who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors

    See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014), OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin (December 2009)

  17. According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers:

    Adolescent sexually abusive behavior is influenced by a variety of risk and protective factors occurring at the individual youth, family, peer, school, neighborhood and community levels. Consequently, policies and practices should include evaluations that consider a range of potentially relevant factors that might be related to the development or possibility of repeated sexually abusive behavior in a given youth and that can guide effective intervention.

    Adolescents Who Have Engaged in Sexually Abusive Behavior: Effective Policies and Practices, adopted by the ATSA Executive Board of Directors on October 30, 2012

  18. See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014)
  19. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlersworst-henchmen.html (last visited February 6, 2015).
  20. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 20 (2014)
  21. Id.
  22. Gerecke served as a chaplain from August of 1943 to May of 1945 when Germany surrendered. He ministered to soldiers in England and also to soldiers following the Normandy invasion. In addition to ministering in hospitals, Gerecke served soldiers on the frontlines. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlers-worsthenchmen.html(last visited February 6, 2015).
  23. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 7 (2014)
  24. The number provided in the Nuremberg war crimes indictment was 5.7 million murders. WILLIAM L. SHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH 1273 (1950)
  25. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 11 (2014)
  26. Id. at 7
  27. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER, THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 43 (1959).
  28. Id
  29. Id. at 45.
  30. Gene Abel, et al, Self reported Sex Crimes of Non-incarcerated Paraphiliacs, 2 JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 3-25 (1987).
  31. Vincent J. Felitti & Robert F. Anda, The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Medical Disease, Psychiatric Disorders and Sexual Behavior: Implications for Healthcare, in RUTHE A. LANIUS, ERIC VERMETEN & CLARE PAIN (EDS) THE IMPACT OF EARLY LIFE TRAUMA ON HEALTH AND DISEASE: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC 77, 78 (CAMBRIDGE MEDICINE 2010).
  32. Victor I. Vieth, What Would Walther Do? Applying Law & Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse, 40(4) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY & THEOLOGY 257, 270-271 (2012)
  33. This is a case the author is familiar with
  34. David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin, Juveniles who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors

    See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014), OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin (December 2009)

  35. According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers:

    Adolescent sexually abusive behavior is influenced by a variety of risk and protective factors occurring at the individual youth, family, peer, school, neighborhood and community levels. Consequently, policies and practices should include evaluations that consider a range of potentially relevant factors that might be related to the development or possibility of repeated sexually abusive behavior in a given youth and that can guide effective intervention.

    Adolescents Who Have Engaged in Sexually Abusive Behavior: Effective Policies and Practices, adopted by the ATSA Executive Board of Directors on October 30, 2012

  36. See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014)
  37. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlersworst-henchmen.html (last visited February 6, 2015).
  38. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 20 (2014)
  39. Id.
  40. Gerecke served as a chaplain from August of 1943 to May of 1945 when Germany surrendered. He ministered to soldiers in England and also to soldiers following the Normandy invasion. In addition to ministering in hospitals, Gerecke served soldiers on the frontlines. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlers-worsthenchmen.html(last visited February 6, 2015).
  41. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 7 (2014)
  42. The number provided in the Nuremberg war crimes indictment was 5.7 million murders. WILLIAM L. SHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH 1273 (1950)
  43. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 11 (2014)
  44. Id. at 7
  45. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER, THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 43 (1959).
  46. Id
  47. Id. at 45.
  48. Gene Abel, et al, Self reported Sex Crimes of Non-incarcerated Paraphiliacs, 2 JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 3-25 (1987).
  49. Vincent J. Felitti & Robert F. Anda, The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Medical Disease, Psychiatric Disorders and Sexual Behavior: Implications for Healthcare, in RUTHE A. LANIUS, ERIC VERMETEN & CLARE PAIN (EDS) THE IMPACT OF EARLY LIFE TRAUMA ON HEALTH AND DISEASE: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC 77, 78 (CAMBRIDGE MEDICINE 2010).
  50. Victor I. Vieth, What Would Walther Do? Applying Law & Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse, 40(4) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY & THEOLOGY 257, 270-271 (2012)
  51. This is a case the author is familiar with
  52. David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin, Juveniles who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors

    See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014), OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin (December 2009)

  53. According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers:

    Adolescent sexually abusive behavior is influenced by a variety of risk and protective factors occurring at the individual youth, family, peer, school, neighborhood and community levels. Consequently, policies and practices should include evaluations that consider a range of potentially relevant factors that might be related to the development or possibility of repeated sexually abusive behavior in a given youth and that can guide effective intervention.

    Adolescents Who Have Engaged in Sexually Abusive Behavior: Effective Policies and Practices, adopted by the ATSA Executive Board of Directors on October 30, 2012

  54. See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014)
  55. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlersworst-henchmen.html (last visited February 6, 2015).
  56. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 20 (2014)
  57. Id.
  58. Gerecke served as a chaplain from August of 1943 to May of 1945 when Germany surrendered. He ministered to soldiers in England and also to soldiers following the Normandy invasion. In addition to ministering in hospitals, Gerecke served soldiers on the frontlines. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlers-worsthenchmen.html(last visited February 6, 2015).
  59. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 7 (2014)
  60. The number provided in the Nuremberg war crimes indictment was 5.7 million murders. WILLIAM L. SHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH 1273 (1950)
  61. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 11 (2014)
  62. Id. at 7
  63. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER, THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 43 (1959).
  64. Id
  65. Id. at 45.
  66. Gene Abel, et al, Self reported Sex Crimes of Non-incarcerated Paraphiliacs, 2 JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 3-25 (1987).
  67. Vincent J. Felitti & Robert F. Anda, The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Medical Disease, Psychiatric Disorders and Sexual Behavior: Implications for Healthcare, in RUTHE A. LANIUS, ERIC VERMETEN & CLARE PAIN (EDS) THE IMPACT OF EARLY LIFE TRAUMA ON HEALTH AND DISEASE: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC 77, 78 (CAMBRIDGE MEDICINE 2010).
  68. Victor I. Vieth, What Would Walther Do? Applying Law & Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse, 40(4) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY & THEOLOGY 257, 270-271 (2012)
  69. This is a case the author is familiar with
  70. David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin, Juveniles who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors

    See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014), OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin (December 2009)

  71. According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers:

    Adolescent sexually abusive behavior is influenced by a variety of risk and protective factors occurring at the individual youth, family, peer, school, neighborhood and community levels. Consequently, policies and practices should include evaluations that consider a range of potentially relevant factors that might be related to the development or possibility of repeated sexually abusive behavior in a given youth and that can guide effective intervention.

    Adolescents Who Have Engaged in Sexually Abusive Behavior: Effective Policies and Practices, adopted by the ATSA Executive Board of Directors on October 30, 2012

  72. See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014)
  73. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlersworst-henchmen.html (last visited February 6, 2015).
  74. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 20 (2014)
  75. Id.
  76. Gerecke served as a chaplain from August of 1943 to May of 1945 when Germany surrendered. He ministered to soldiers in England and also to soldiers following the Normandy invasion. In addition to ministering in hospitals, Gerecke served soldiers on the frontlines. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlers-worsthenchmen.html(last visited February 6, 2015).
  77. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 7 (2014)
  78. The number provided in the Nuremberg war crimes indictment was 5.7 million murders. WILLIAM L. SHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH 1273 (1950)
  79. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 11 (2014)
  80. Id. at 7
  81. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER, THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 43 (1959).
  82. Id
  83. Id. at 45.
  84. Gene Abel, et al, Self reported Sex Crimes of Non-incarcerated Paraphiliacs, 2 JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 3-25 (1987).
  85. Vincent J. Felitti & Robert F. Anda, The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Medical Disease, Psychiatric Disorders and Sexual Behavior: Implications for Healthcare, in RUTHE A. LANIUS, ERIC VERMETEN & CLARE PAIN (EDS) THE IMPACT OF EARLY LIFE TRAUMA ON HEALTH AND DISEASE: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC 77, 78 (CAMBRIDGE MEDICINE 2010).
  86. Victor I. Vieth, What Would Walther Do? Applying Law & Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse, 40(4) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY & THEOLOGY 257, 270-271 (2012)
  87. This is a case the author is familiar with
  88. David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin, Juveniles who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors

    See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014), OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin (December 2009)

  89. According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers:

    Adolescent sexually abusive behavior is influenced by a variety of risk and protective factors occurring at the individual youth, family, peer, school, neighborhood and community levels. Consequently, policies and practices should include evaluations that consider a range of potentially relevant factors that might be related to the development or possibility of repeated sexually abusive behavior in a given youth and that can guide effective intervention.

    Adolescents Who Have Engaged in Sexually Abusive Behavior: Effective Policies and Practices, adopted by the ATSA Executive Board of Directors on October 30, 2012

  90. See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014)
  91. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlersworst-henchmen.html (last visited February 6, 2015).
  92. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 20 (2014)
  93. Id.
  94. Gerecke served as a chaplain from August of 1943 to May of 1945 when Germany surrendered. He ministered to soldiers in England and also to soldiers following the Normandy invasion. In addition to ministering in hospitals, Gerecke served soldiers on the frontlines. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlers-worsthenchmen.html(last visited February 6, 2015).
  95. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 7 (2014)
  96. The number provided in the Nuremberg war crimes indictment was 5.7 million murders. WILLIAM L. SHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH 1273 (1950)
  97. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 11 (2014)
  98. Id. at 7
  99. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER, THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 43 (1959).
  100. Id
  101. Id. at 45.
  102. Gene Abel, et al, Self reported Sex Crimes of Non-incarcerated Paraphiliacs, 2 JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 3-25 (1987).
  103. Vincent J. Felitti & Robert F. Anda, The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Medical Disease, Psychiatric Disorders and Sexual Behavior: Implications for Healthcare, in RUTHE A. LANIUS, ERIC VERMETEN & CLARE PAIN (EDS) THE IMPACT OF EARLY LIFE TRAUMA ON HEALTH AND DISEASE: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC 77, 78 (CAMBRIDGE MEDICINE 2010).
  104. Victor I. Vieth, What Would Walther Do? Applying Law & Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse, 40(4) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY & THEOLOGY 257, 270-271 (2012)
  105. This is a case the author is familiar with
  106. David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin, Juveniles who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors

    See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014), OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin (December 2009)

  107. According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers:

    Adolescent sexually abusive behavior is influenced by a variety of risk and protective factors occurring at the individual youth, family, peer, school, neighborhood and community levels. Consequently, policies and practices should include evaluations that consider a range of potentially relevant factors that might be related to the development or possibility of repeated sexually abusive behavior in a given youth and that can guide effective intervention.

    Adolescents Who Have Engaged in Sexually Abusive Behavior: Effective Policies and Practices, adopted by the ATSA Executive Board of Directors on October 30, 2012

  108. See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014)
  109. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlersworst-henchmen.html (last visited February 6, 2015).
  110. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 20 (2014)
  111. Id.
  112. Gerecke served as a chaplain from August of 1943 to May of 1945 when Germany surrendered. He ministered to soldiers in England and also to soldiers following the Normandy invasion. In addition to ministering in hospitals, Gerecke served soldiers on the frontlines. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlers-worsthenchmen.html(last visited February 6, 2015).
  113. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 7 (2014)
  114. The number provided in the Nuremberg war crimes indictment was 5.7 million murders. WILLIAM L. SHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH 1273 (1950)
  115. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 11 (2014)
  116. Id. at 7
  117. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER, THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 43 (1959).
  118. Id
  119. Id. at 45.
  120. Gene Abel, et al, Self reported Sex Crimes of Non-incarcerated Paraphiliacs, 2 JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 3-25 (1987).
  121. Vincent J. Felitti & Robert F. Anda, The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Medical Disease, Psychiatric Disorders and Sexual Behavior: Implications for Healthcare, in RUTHE A. LANIUS, ERIC VERMETEN & CLARE PAIN (EDS) THE IMPACT OF EARLY LIFE TRAUMA ON HEALTH AND DISEASE: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC 77, 78 (CAMBRIDGE MEDICINE 2010).
  122. Victor I. Vieth, What Would Walther Do? Applying Law & Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse, 40(4) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY & THEOLOGY 257, 270-271 (2012)
  123. This is a case the author is familiar with
  124. David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin, Juveniles who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors

    See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014), OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin (December 2009)

  125. According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers:

    Adolescent sexually abusive behavior is influenced by a variety of risk and protective factors occurring at the individual youth, family, peer, school, neighborhood and community levels. Consequently, policies and practices should include evaluations that consider a range of potentially relevant factors that might be related to the development or possibility of repeated sexually abusive behavior in a given youth and that can guide effective intervention.

    Adolescents Who Have Engaged in Sexually Abusive Behavior: Effective Policies and Practices, adopted by the ATSA Executive Board of Directors on October 30, 2012

  126. See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014)
  127. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlersworst-henchmen.html (last visited February 6, 2015).
  128. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 20 (2014)
  129. Id.
  130. Gerecke served as a chaplain from August of 1943 to May of 1945 when Germany surrendered. He ministered to soldiers in England and also to soldiers following the Normandy invasion. In addition to ministering in hospitals, Gerecke served soldiers on the frontlines. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlers-worsthenchmen.html(last visited February 6, 2015).
  131. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 7 (2014)
  132. The number provided in the Nuremberg war crimes indictment was 5.7 million murders. WILLIAM L. SHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH 1273 (1950)
  133. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 11 (2014)
  134. Id. at 7
  135. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER, THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 43 (1959).
  136. Id
  137. Id. at 45.
  138. Gene Abel, et al, Self reported Sex Crimes of Non-incarcerated Paraphiliacs, 2 JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 3-25 (1987).
  139. Vincent J. Felitti & Robert F. Anda, The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Medical Disease, Psychiatric Disorders and Sexual Behavior: Implications for Healthcare, in RUTHE A. LANIUS, ERIC VERMETEN & CLARE PAIN (EDS) THE IMPACT OF EARLY LIFE TRAUMA ON HEALTH AND DISEASE: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC 77, 78 (CAMBRIDGE MEDICINE 2010).
  140. Victor I. Vieth, What Would Walther Do? Applying Law & Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse, 40(4) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY & THEOLOGY 257, 270-271 (2012)
  141. This is a case the author is familiar with
  142. David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin, Juveniles who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors

    See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014), OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin (December 2009)

  143. According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers:

    Adolescent sexually abusive behavior is influenced by a variety of risk and protective factors occurring at the individual youth, family, peer, school, neighborhood and community levels. Consequently, policies and practices should include evaluations that consider a range of potentially relevant factors that might be related to the development or possibility of repeated sexually abusive behavior in a given youth and that can guide effective intervention.

    Adolescents Who Have Engaged in Sexually Abusive Behavior: Effective Policies and Practices, adopted by the ATSA Executive Board of Directors on October 30, 2012

  144. See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014)
  145. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlersworst-henchmen.html (last visited February 6, 2015).
  146. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 20 (2014)
  147. Id.
  148. Gerecke served as a chaplain from August of 1943 to May of 1945 when Germany surrendered. He ministered to soldiers in England and also to soldiers following the Normandy invasion. In addition to ministering in hospitals, Gerecke served soldiers on the frontlines. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlers-worsthenchmen.html(last visited February 6, 2015).
  149. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 7 (2014)
  150. The number provided in the Nuremberg war crimes indictment was 5.7 million murders. WILLIAM L. SHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH 1273 (1950)
  151. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 11 (2014)
  152. Id. at 7
  153. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER, THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 43 (1959).
  154. Id
  155. Id. at 45.
  156. Gene Abel, et al, Self reported Sex Crimes of Non-incarcerated Paraphiliacs, 2 JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 3-25 (1987).
  157. Vincent J. Felitti & Robert F. Anda, The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Medical Disease, Psychiatric Disorders and Sexual Behavior: Implications for Healthcare, in RUTHE A. LANIUS, ERIC VERMETEN & CLARE PAIN (EDS) THE IMPACT OF EARLY LIFE TRAUMA ON HEALTH AND DISEASE: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC 77, 78 (CAMBRIDGE MEDICINE 2010).
  158. Victor I. Vieth, What Would Walther Do? Applying Law & Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse, 40(4) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY & THEOLOGY 257, 270-271 (2012)
  159. This is a case the author is familiar with
  160. David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin, Juveniles who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors

    See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014), OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin (December 2009)

  161. According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers:

    Adolescent sexually abusive behavior is influenced by a variety of risk and protective factors occurring at the individual youth, family, peer, school, neighborhood and community levels. Consequently, policies and practices should include evaluations that consider a range of potentially relevant factors that might be related to the development or possibility of repeated sexually abusive behavior in a given youth and that can guide effective intervention.

    Adolescents Who Have Engaged in Sexually Abusive Behavior: Effective Policies and Practices, adopted by the ATSA Executive Board of Directors on October 30, 2012

  162. See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014)
  163. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlersworst-henchmen.html (last visited February 6, 2015).
  164. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 20 (2014)
  165. Id.
  166. Gerecke served as a chaplain from August of 1943 to May of 1945 when Germany surrendered. He ministered to soldiers in England and also to soldiers following the Normandy invasion. In addition to ministering in hospitals, Gerecke served soldiers on the frontlines. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlers-worsthenchmen.html(last visited February 6, 2015).
  167. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 7 (2014)
  168. The number provided in the Nuremberg war crimes indictment was 5.7 million murders. WILLIAM L. SHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH 1273 (1950)
  169. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 11 (2014)
  170. Id. at 7
  171. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER, THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 43 (1959).
  172. Id
  173. Id. at 45.
  174. Gene Abel, et al, Self reported Sex Crimes of Non-incarcerated Paraphiliacs, 2 JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 3-25 (1987).
  175. Vincent J. Felitti & Robert F. Anda, The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Medical Disease, Psychiatric Disorders and Sexual Behavior: Implications for Healthcare, in RUTHE A. LANIUS, ERIC VERMETEN & CLARE PAIN (EDS) THE IMPACT OF EARLY LIFE TRAUMA ON HEALTH AND DISEASE: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC 77, 78 (CAMBRIDGE MEDICINE 2010).
  176. Victor I. Vieth, What Would Walther Do? Applying Law & Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse, 40(4) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY & THEOLOGY 257, 270-271 (2012)
  177. This is a case the author is familiar with
  178. David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin, Juveniles who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors

    See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014), OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin (December 2009)

  179. According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers:

    Adolescent sexually abusive behavior is influenced by a variety of risk and protective factors occurring at the individual youth, family, peer, school, neighborhood and community levels. Consequently, policies and practices should include evaluations that consider a range of potentially relevant factors that might be related to the development or possibility of repeated sexually abusive behavior in a given youth and that can guide effective intervention.

    Adolescents Who Have Engaged in Sexually Abusive Behavior: Effective Policies and Practices, adopted by the ATSA Executive Board of Directors on October 30, 2012

  180. See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014)
  181. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlersworst-henchmen.html (last visited February 6, 2015).
  182. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 20 (2014)
  183. Id.
  184. Gerecke served as a chaplain from August of 1943 to May of 1945 when Germany surrendered. He ministered to soldiers in England and also to soldiers following the Normandy invasion. In addition to ministering in hospitals, Gerecke served soldiers on the frontlines. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlers-worsthenchmen.html(last visited February 6, 2015).
  185. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 7 (2014)
  186. The number provided in the Nuremberg war crimes indictment was 5.7 million murders. WILLIAM L. SHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH 1273 (1950)
  187. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 11 (2014)
  188. Id. at 7
  189. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER, THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 43 (1959).
  190. Id
  191. Id. at 45.
  192. Gene Abel, et al, Self reported Sex Crimes of Non-incarcerated Paraphiliacs, 2 JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 3-25 (1987).
  193. Vincent J. Felitti & Robert F. Anda, The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Medical Disease, Psychiatric Disorders and Sexual Behavior: Implications for Healthcare, in RUTHE A. LANIUS, ERIC VERMETEN & CLARE PAIN (EDS) THE IMPACT OF EARLY LIFE TRAUMA ON HEALTH AND DISEASE: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC 77, 78 (CAMBRIDGE MEDICINE 2010).
  194. Victor I. Vieth, What Would Walther Do? Applying Law & Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse, 40(4) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY & THEOLOGY 257, 270-271 (2012)
  195. This is a case the author is familiar with
  196. David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin, Juveniles who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors

    See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014), OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin (December 2009)

  197. According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers:

    Adolescent sexually abusive behavior is influenced by a variety of risk and protective factors occurring at the individual youth, family, peer, school, neighborhood and community levels. Consequently, policies and practices should include evaluations that consider a range of potentially relevant factors that might be related to the development or possibility of repeated sexually abusive behavior in a given youth and that can guide effective intervention.

    Adolescents Who Have Engaged in Sexually Abusive Behavior: Effective Policies and Practices, adopted by the ATSA Executive Board of Directors on October 30, 2012

  198. See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014)
  199. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlersworst-henchmen.html (last visited February 6, 2015).
  200. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 20 (2014)
  201. Id.
  202. Gerecke served as a chaplain from August of 1943 to May of 1945 when Germany surrendered. He ministered to soldiers in England and also to soldiers following the Normandy invasion. In addition to ministering in hospitals, Gerecke served soldiers on the frontlines. Lyle Dorsett, Would you Share the Gospel with Hitler’s Worst Henchmen?, CHRISTIANITY TODAY, May 23, 2014, available online at: http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2014/may-web-only/would-you-share-gospel-with-hitlers-worsthenchmen.html(last visited February 6, 2015).
  203. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 7 (2014)
  204. The number provided in the Nuremberg war crimes indictment was 5.7 million murders. WILLIAM L. SHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH 1273 (1950)
  205. TIM TOWNSEND, MISSION AT NUREMBERG 11 (2014)
  206. Id. at 7
  207. DIETRICH BONHOEFFER, THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP 43 (1959).
  208. Id
  209. Id. at 45.
  210. Gene Abel, et al, Self reported Sex Crimes of Non-incarcerated Paraphiliacs, 2 JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 3-25 (1987).
  211. Vincent J. Felitti & Robert F. Anda, The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Medical Disease, Psychiatric Disorders and Sexual Behavior: Implications for Healthcare, in RUTHE A. LANIUS, ERIC VERMETEN & CLARE PAIN (EDS) THE IMPACT OF EARLY LIFE TRAUMA ON HEALTH AND DISEASE: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC 77, 78 (CAMBRIDGE MEDICINE 2010).
  212. Victor I. Vieth, What Would Walther Do? Applying Law & Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse, 40(4) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY & THEOLOGY 257, 270-271 (2012)
  213. This is a case the author is familiar with
  214. David Finkelhor, Richard Ormrod, and Mark Chaffin, Juveniles who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors

    See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014), OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin (December 2009)

  215. According to the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers:

    Adolescent sexually abusive behavior is influenced by a variety of risk and protective factors occurring at the individual youth, family, peer, school, neighborhood and community levels. Consequently, policies and practices should include evaluations that consider a range of potentially relevant factors that might be related to the development or possibility of repeated sexually abusive behavior in a given youth and that can guide effective intervention.

    Adolescents Who Have Engaged in Sexually Abusive Behavior: Effective Policies and Practices, adopted by the ATSA Executive Board of Directors on October 30, 2012

  216. See generally, ANDREW ROOT, BONHOEFFER AS YOUTH WORKER (2014)